By Dr. Harpreet Singh, Orthopaedics,
Scoliosis is a condition where the spinal column curves during puberty and this curvature leads to other complications at later stages of life. In most cases, the scoliosis may be mild and does not result in disabilities. However, in rare cases, the condition may progress over time.
Causes of the disease
Doctors are unaware of the most common causes of the disease. However, it is believed that other disorders may affect the chances of being afflicted with the spinal condition. These include-
- Cerebral palsy and other neuromuscular conditions such as muscular dystrophy.
- Injuries to the spine or infection in the same region
- Birth defects that may affect the proper formation of spinal bones.
The condition affects people just prior to puberty or at the onset of the growth spurt. Research indicates that both girls and boys have the same chances of developing the condition, even though women face a greater risk of complication from the disorder. Lastly, people with a family history of the disease face a greater risk of the condition, but very few people diagnosed with the condition have such a history.
Symptoms of the disease
The signs of the disorder become apparent during the pubescent age. Physical symptoms include-
- An uneven shoulder
- Uneven waist
- One shoulder blade protruding moiré than the other shoulder blade
- The height of one hip is greater than the other.
With the progression, the spine may curve so much that the ribs of one side protrude much more than the ribs of the other side.
When you notice symptoms similar to scoliosis, you must visit a doctor at the soonest because professional medical experts are better trained to diagnose and handle the disease. After the diagnosis is complete, you should start taking medications immediately, even though you do not feel any symptom at the onset of the condition. However, the use of medications will limit the problem at its root.
Treatment for Scoliosis
Treatment is decided based on the intensity of the spinal curvature. In case of a mild curvature, simple medications and the use of a brace are required. After a few months, children may no longer need to wear the spinal brace. Apart from the treatment for minor scoliosis, there are also surgical procedures involved to offset the symptoms associated with the condition. Using a rod, the size, structure and angle of the spinal development can be controlled, so that scoliosis can be managed in an easy manner.