By Dt. Sweta Shah, Dietitian/Nutritionist,
Technology has presented the commoners with easier comforts that have in turn confined them within boundaries where there is hardly any physical activity involved because every single task can be done with a single click of a mouse or mobile keypad. Added to these lifestyle disorders, there are detrimental food habits, which are taking a toll upon the healthiness of the human body by leading to a serious issue known as Obesity.
Causes of obesity: Workload and stress levels have mounted up these days that have in turn affected the eating habits of every single individual. All these factors have led to the following consequences of poor diet that have in turn led to obesity:
- The fast-paced lives have increased the intake of fast foods that are readily available within few minutes and can be gulped down without wasting much time in cooking and eating.
- Intake of pernicious processed foods.
- Excessive consumption of alcohol or another form of harmful hard drinks.
- Improper meal timings and meal plans leading to fallible food intake by consuming mammoth portions at once rather than eating little at a time but eating continuously, which should actually be done.
- Today, the junk foods are very common for all that can be easily grabbed within the hectic work hours. But these are all very rich in carbohydrates and fats that cause accumulation of cholesterol in the body leading to unhealthy chronic situations like heart diseases and diabetes.
- Too much drinking of soft drinks rather than water that is also very high in carbohydrates and fats.
Unfortunately, each of the points mentioned above has become a very common phenomenon nowadays and hence, the spread of obesity everywhere.
Remedial measures: There are various dietitians and nutritionists nowadays who can be of extreme help in such situations. Studies suggest that if the body weight of the individual increases more than 20% of the ideal body weight, then he or she is said to have become obese. In fact, a BMI (Body Mass Index) above 35 is a matter of concern as it indicates a tendency towards obesity. In order to take control of the situation, the nutritionists design a proper diet plan and advise the following instructions so that the weight gain can be checked:
- Drinking ample amounts of water is necessary.
- At least 150minutes of extensive physical activity per week is required that can include exercising, yoga, aerobics, brisk walking, etc.
- Inclusion of more number of vegetables and fruits in the diet.
- Giving up bad food habits like alcohol, fast foods, soft drinks and other allied food items.
Often imperfect food habits are a result of accelerating the amount of stress in life and one can take help of meditation and counselling by specialists to take charge of life. In short, it is never too late to try and lead a healthier life.