definition of Probiotics by Medical dictionary

.

saccharomyces boulardii

(

sak

-a-roe-mye-seez boo-

lar-

dee)

,

Brewer’s yeast

(trade name),

probiotics

(trade name)

Classification

Therapeutic: antidiarrheals

Treatment and prevention of diarrhea Irritable bowel syndrome.

Action

Saccharomyces boulardii is a non-pathogenic yeast used to colonize the gastrointestinal tract.

Therapeutic effects

Reduced number of bowel movements.

Pharmacokinetics

Absorption: Unknown

Distribution: Unknown

Metabolism and Excretion: Unknown

Half-life: Unknown

Time/action profile

ONSET PEAK DURATION
PO unknown 3 days unknown

Contraindications/Precautions

Contraindicated in: Hypersensitivity to yeast.

Use Cautiously in: Pregnancy and lactation;Immunocompromised patients (↑ risk of fungemia)

Adverse Reactions/Side Effects

Gastrointestinal

  • bloating
  • constipation
  • flatulence

Miscellaneous

  • fungemia
  • ↑ thirst

Interactions

Antifungals

may decrease effectiveness of Saccharomyces boulardii None.

Oral (Adults) 250–500 mg two to four times a day

Availability

Capsules: 250 mg

Nursing implications

Nursing assessment

  • Assess patient for abdominal distention, presence of bowel sounds, and usual pattern of bowel function.
  • Assess color, consistency, and amount of stool produced.
  • Lab Test Considerations: Monitor CBC periodically during therapy.

Potential Nursing Diagnoses

Diarrhea (Indications)

Implementation

  • Oral: Administer as directed.

Patient/Family Teaching

  • Instruct patient to take as directed.
  • Advise female patient to notify health care professional if pregnancy is planned or suspected or if breastfeeding.

Evaluation/Desired Outcomes

  • Resolution of diarrhea and decrease in number of loose stools.

Probiotics

Bacteria that are beneficial to a person’s health, either through protecting the body against pathogenic bacteria or assisting in recovery from an illness.

Patient discussion about Probiotics

Q. I have heard probiotics, how do we maintain them naturally? I have heard probiotics i.e. useful bacteria should be maintained in the human guts…..how do we maintain them naturally?

A. look, i heard several microbiologists tell the same thing. all those yogurts that try to give us bacteria we already have – are just bull #$&*. it just look good in commercials. the L. casai that they publish is a bacteria you have in a great amount in your mouth anyway, every time you swallow saliva – you get tons of them inside of you anyway. no need to buy expensive “supplements”.

Q. I wish to know whether consumption of probiotics in the form of medicine will have any side effects. I wish to know whether consumption of probiotics in the form of medicine will have any side effects. I wish to know the probable causes that could reduce them in gut?

A. Taking probiotics in pill form might have some side effect especially if taken in excess may lead to some gut infections. You may also feel formation of gas in stomach. Taking on antibiotics or consumption of any toxic food can reduce the probiotics in the guts.

Q. Dysbacteriosis I got dysbacteriosis when i was baby( too many antibiotic injections).
I take probiotic every day(about 6 pills per day), but it doesn’t realy help me.
My doctor said, that it’s no treatment. It is true?
Any advice?

A. There is no cure however there is a treatment:
The treatment of dysbacteriosis must be complex, and are included the following measures:
-The correction of imunnogo status;
-Deliverance from the already existing infections;
-The elimination of the excess bacterial sowing of the small intestine;
-The restoration of normal microbial flora of thick gut;
-an improvement in the intestinal digestion and suction;
-the restoration of the disrupted motor activity of bowels;
-the stimulation of the reactivity of organism.
The correctly selected diet and fermentation preparations contribute to the treatment of dysbacteriosis. With dysbacteriosis the collection of products must correspond in composition and quantity of food substances, fermentative possibilities of the pathologically changed small intestine.

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